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The Middle East is a term that refers to a region between the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the line drawn by the border between Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan. The area concerned includes Iran, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, the Arabian Peninsula and the Egypt.

This area is home to several cultural and ethnic groups: Persian culture, Turkish, Arabic, Kurdish and Jewish. The three main language groups are Iranian languages, Turkish languages ​​and Semitic languages ​​ (including Arabic and Hebrew). The partner countries and regions of the Ulemas University are part of the Euromed and the Middle East are Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Kurdish territories, Israel and the Palestinian territories.


Ulemas gives more attention to the cultures and ethnic groups that are vulnerable, endangered or which geographical areas are not yet determined:


The Kurds are descendants of Medes, with 30 to 40 million people living mainly in Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), Iran (Eastern Kurdistan), Iraq (South Kurdistan) and Syria (Kurdistan the West). For a century, some Kurds are fighting for their self-determination, to have their own homeland, Kurdistan.


Kurds have a very rich folklore, which until recent times, was mainly transmitted through oral stories or songs, from one generation to another. Extremely varied, Kurdish folklore has a variety of stories about nature, chimeras, love, heroes and mythological creatures. Illustrating the heterogeneity of Kurdish groups, some stories are found and known everywhere in Kurdistan, while others are only specific to a given area, depending on the dialect or religion. A further example is the mythology of the Yezidis and the history of Dersims Kurdish, Turkish Armenian tradition.

Israël Turkey Middle East Jordan Palestinian Territories Kurdish territories